Understanding the basics of fiber optic connection

As we know, the broadband connection has played a significant role in our lives. While it has served us well in the past, it has now been replaced by an advanced technology called as the fibre-optic connection or fiber internet.

The fiber net technology is easily available across businesses today. It transmits a large amount of data to everybody at a higher speed. Due to its wide access and superfast speed, it is slowly gaining popularity among the masses. While many of us are still processing facts about this recent technology, let’s take a detailed look at fiber connection:

What is a fiber-optic connection?

Popularly known as fiber or fiber internet, a fiber-optic connection is a type of broadband link. It uses fiber-optic cable to transmit data. This data further travels through it as beams of lights are pulsed in a pattern.

A fiber optic cable consists of a thin strand of pure glass that transmits information in the form of light. They are lightweight, flexible, and less bulky. Besides, these fiber cables are usually less vulnerable to the weather. Therefore, they are widely used in internet cables to transmit data.

How does a fiber internet connection work?

Primarily, there are two main components of a fiber network. Let’s take a look below to understand them in detail:

  1. Optical fibers

They are thin fibers that are bundled together to form cables. These cables are used to carry the LED light or laser pulses down the line to transmit information in binary form.

  1. The Last Mile

After the light pulses reach the desired location, they are then converted into electrical output that is used by many devices. Then, the optical network terminal sends the signal to us via Ethernet connections. This stretch between the primary fiber network line and the final user is termed as the last mile.

Now if you’ve understood the meaning and functioning of a fiber-optic connection, let’s proceed to further understand its different types.

There are three main types of fiber connections that provide speed. Here, take a look:

  1. Fiber To The Node (FTTN)

FTTN provides cable telecommunications through a common network box termed node. It is used to deliver advanced telecommunication services.

  1. Fiber To The Home (FTTH)/ Fiber To The Premises (FTTP)

Considered as one of the reliable fiber connections, FTTH directly reaches the boundary of our living spaces.

  1. Fiber To The Curb (FTTC)

It is quite similar to FTTN. The only difference between the two connections is that the street cabinet or the pole is nearer to the premises of the user.

These above-mentioned fiber connections will allow multiple users to connect to several devices all at once. With the help of these fiber connections, the users can do the following things:

  1. Stream movies, web series, or shows non-stop with zero buffering problems
  2. Make long video calls to the loved ones
  3. Ensure smooth uploads and instant downloads
  4. Download a 3-hour long movie in a jiffy without any hassle
  5. Back the drive up to cloud in a few minutes
  6. Improvise the quality of the TV
  7. Ensure a better gaming experience

A router is necessary to enable the above-mentioned fiber connections,. However, one should purchase only those routers that support the fiber internet. So, conduct a thorough research to ensure you have the best hardware. Then, choose the best Internet Service Provider (ISP) in your area who can easily help you set up the fiber connection at home.

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